βαίτυλος

βαίτυλος
Grammatical information: m.
Meaning: kind of (magical) stone (Sotakos of Karystos apud Plin. N. H. 37, 135), which fell from heaven (Dam. Isid. 94, 203). Acc. to Hesychius the stone given to Kronos instead of Zeus. Also name of a god (Διὶ Βετύλῳ, Dura iii AD). βαίτυλον αν κατέπιες Apostol. 9.24, of a greedy person.
Other forms: ῡ (but how do we know?).
Derivatives: βαιτύλιον (Dam. etc.).
Origin: LW [a loanword which is (probably) not of Pre-Greek origin] Sem.
Etymology: The discussion is very unclear, also because archeologists use the term in a very wide sense, without caring for the name. Zuntz Class. et Mediaeval. 8, 169ff. (who discusses the sources) thought it was a Mediterranean word, from which also Sem. bethel, interpreted as `House of God'. Unwisely, Zuntz postulates a pan-Mediterranan substrate to explain his facts, which nobody will accept. Hemmerdinger, Glotta 48 (1970) 99f. thinks it is Sem.; thus Röllig, Dict. Deities Demons (s.v. Bethel). The fact that the word appears very late, and in the context of northern Syria, makes it most probable that the word is Semitic, Bayt-el `House of El'; an old Pre-Gr. word is therefore improbable; cf. also Ribichini ib. s.v. Baetyl. (West, East Face 294f., makes the mistake (pointed out in the laterature) that in Gen. 28. 10-22 the place, not the stone, is called 'House of God'; see Wests concluding remark. Comparable stones are called abaddir in Punic, but what conclusion can be drawn from it (I think none), is unclear; the meaning of the term is unknown). Not helpful Davidson Hermes 123 (1995) 363-9.
Page in Frisk: 1,211

Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό). . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Βαίτυλος — meteoric stone masc nom sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • Βαιτύλου — Βαίτυλος meteoric stone masc gen sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • Βαιτύλων — Βαίτυλος meteoric stone masc gen pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • Βαίτυλον — Βαίτυλος meteoric stone masc acc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • BAETYLUS — Graece Βαίτυλος. Priscian. l. 5. Abadir Deus est; Dicitur et hôc nomine lapis ille, quem Saturnus dicitur devorâsse pro Iove, quem Graeci Baetylon vocant. Hesych. Βαίτυλος, οὕτω ἐκαλεῖτο ὁ δοθεὶς λίθος τῷ Κρόνῳ ἀντὶ Διός. Etymologus, Βαίτυλος… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Yahweh — For information about Yahweh, see God in Abrahamic religions, which provides useful links. Yahweh is an English transliteration of he. יַהְוֶה a 19th century proposed punctuation of he. יהוה (the Tetragrammaton), which is the distinctive personal …   Wikipedia

  • АБАДДИР —    • Abaddir,          см. Βαίτυλος, Байтилы …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Abádir — ABÁDIR, od. Abaddir, auch Abdir, ein Stein, welchen Rhea ihrem Gemahle, dem Saturn, an statt des von ihr geborenen Jupiters zu verschlingen gab. Priscian. Inst. Gramm. lib. V. p. m. 127. Denn, wie solcher grausame Vater gewohnet war, alle seine… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Baetvlvs, Baetylvs — BAETVLVS, BAETYLVS, i, Gr. Βαίτυλος, ου, oder auch Bætylium, Βαιτύλιον, eine Art Steine, die man für beseelet hielt, und einige schwärmerische Gemüther daher als Orakel um Rath zu fragen pflegeten. Diese Steine waren rund und von einer… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • ABDIR — apud Priscianum l. 1. Bdellium, Abdir, genus lapidis; idem est cum Abaddir: lapis videl. Βαιτύλος, quem pro Iove Saturnus devoravit. Salmas. ad Solinum p. 150. vide quoque in voce Abadir …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • DII — ingenii ab Unius notitia exerrantis figmentum, tot fuêre apud Gentiles, quot deprehendêrunt vel usui suo, vel terrori, vel admirationi apta instrumenta; omisso Eo, qui solus horum Auctor, naturâ suâ invisibilis, per visibilia haec sua opera ipsis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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